We are coming to the end of the Science Minds Countdown. This week, we take a look at pure genius in two different people.
Albert Einstein, Stephen Hawking
Albert Einstein is probably the best known theoretical physicist in the world. He wrote the theories of general and special relativity. He derived from special relativity the equation that most people automatically associate with Einstein, e=mc2. This is the mass-energy equivalence formula. Possibly one of his biggest theories is known as the duality of light (or wave-particle duality). This theory states that light will act both as a wave and a particle. Einstein has written many, many work throughout his life and won the Nobel Prize in Physics. He co-wrote a letter to President Franklin Roosevelt regarding Germany's attempt to develop a nuclear bomb which would result in the Manhattan Project. Einstein was not a direct part of the development of the bombs that were dropped by the US.
Stephen Hawking is also a theoretical physicist who used Einstein's theory of general relativity to prove many of his own theories about the singularity at the beginning of our universe. Much of his work, however, deals with black holes, the structure of the universe, string theory and many other areas. He has won many awards and accolades (no Nobel Prize) and has written several books including his most popular, A Brief History of Time. As a musical side note, he appears on Pink Floyd's "Keep Talking" from the Division Bell album.
Unfortunately, I cannot begin to show how important these two are to science. It's so hard to sum up such genius in a paragraph, but I don't want to write their complete biographies here. Next week is #1 and it promises to be a longer post, so be ready. Have a good day.